IPA (Indian Pale Ale)
General description – amber, strong, dry, robust hop bitterness and aroma
This was a hugely popular beer in British India in the 19th century. The high levels of hops and alcohol resulted in its keeping ability on the long sea voyages. IPA in India was replaced with lager as refrigeration made lager-brewing in hotter climates possible and at home, although the name remained, through out the 20th century but the alcohol and hops levels dropped. There have been numerous reinventions of the style since, especially in the US craft beer market with a growing appetite for seriously hoppy beers. American IPAs, Double IPAs and (possibly) Black IPAs are now recognised sytles of their own.